Field hockey has undergone many changes over its long time. Parts like the kind of ball used for games and the materials used to play on the field have been developed to improve the game for both players and fans. The player positions and strategies are also designed for every playing field hockey.

Field hockey teams typically includes 16 players, and 11 playing at any given time. But, the number of players can differ based on the type of play. Teams rely on the players’ abilities to arrange them into various defense and offensive positions to accommodate their needs at the moment. The number of positions on the field can vary depending on the strengths of the team and plans.

This article will examine the different positions of field hockey and how they function together to make up an entire team. It will then look at the kinds of games in which the number of players playing differs from the standard 11 players.


Field hockey teams typically include 16 players to play traditional games. There are 11 players permitted to play for every team limitless number of substitutes means that players can be replenished whenever required.

On the field also known as pitch are working together to play offense and defense. The game is fast-paced that means that players need to be able to swiftly and seamlessly into various roles when needed. Field hockey players attain high levels of fitness agility and speed and are therefore excellent athletes.

The coaches determine the initial teams according to the requirements of the game and players their strengths. But, the formations may alter throughout the game, or as players consider the actions required in the present moment, or as coaches modify the game plan.

The positions of field hockey teams can be divided into offence defense, midfield, and goalie (also called goalkeeper). Offensive players may be referred to as strikers, forwards, attackers or wings. Defensive players are also known as fullbacks, defenders or sweepers. Midfielders are referred to as halfbacks, midfielders, or midfielders.

Every position requires a specific ability, therefore it may take a little amount of time for an athlete to figure out the ideal fit. Understanding different positions can help a player determine which direction to go in. For more information on the position refer to ” What is the most difficult position on the field of Hockey?”

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Forwards are typically the ones who score the most goals since they are the ones leading the offense. Their job is to move the ball towards the opposing goal the most goals they can. The center forward is in at the middle of the field while the wings to the outside concentrate on moving towards the sides and bringing the ball to the goal in the center.

Forwards require a wide range of abilities to be successful at their job. They must have quickness and good ball handling skills to maneuver the ball around the field. Rebounding, passing and shooting ability are equally important, particularly when playing together to make goals.


In this position, athletes are able to play both defence and offense. They assist forwards in moving the ball across the field, and also assist the defence in protecting their own goals.

Midfielders need to be constantly moving around the field, which is why having speed and stamina is crucial. They also need to block balls, defend their opponents and be on the lookout to quick attacks from their defense.


The defensive players concentrate on stopping the team that is attacking away from scoring goals. They typically are at the rear of the field to guard the goalkeeper.

Sometimes referred to as fullbacks defenses also need to transfer the ball upfield to forwards and midfielders. While they generally are not able to achieve many points, defense players can shift into offensive positions if the necessity arises.

Sometimes, coaches will use the role of a sweeper to provide an additional layer of defense. The sweepers are placed in between the goalie and fullbacks and are solely focused on keeping the ball away from the goal.

The best defensive players are able to be aware of the movements of their opponents and then attack or block the ball. They’ll be quick to out-manoeuvre the opposition’s offense and aid in moving the ball on the field.


The goalie serves as the final line of defense before the opposition team is able to score. They have a specific goal circle , where they typically remain to defend the goal. Apart from having their sticks the same that field players do, they are able to use their bodies to kick the ball when they are in this circle.

Goalkeepers are equipped with pads and protective gear which make it easier for them to utilize their bodies to stop shots that are hard to block. In addition to blocking shots, goalkeepers need to be able kick or strike the ball again at their players.

The best goalies are quick in order be able to anticipate play and move in order to block goals. They should also be able to be able to communicate with defense players about tactics and plays that are spur of the moment.

Teams may also choose to allow 11 players to remain on the field and play with no goalie. In this situation it’s up to the players to keep the ball out from the goal and then push forward in order to achieve the goal .


The International Hockey Federation (FIH) has established rules for various field hockey games. Teams and clubs must follow the rules of the right type of game.

For field hockey played outdoors in the traditional way the maximum number of 16 players in each team, with only 11 players allowed to play at any given time. The maximum team size can be increased to 18 players, if approval is given.

Here is a brief overview of the different types of field hockey which may require a different amount of players in the team and in the playing field.


The rules for outdoor and indoor field hockey has been altered to facilitate an easier transition between the two. Although the size of the field and the composition differ however, the vast majority of elements of the game are identical.

Since the field is less when playing outdoor field hockey games, less players can play on the field during play. Instead of having a limit of sixteen players in indoor field hockey, teams may include up to 12 players on their squad. Six field hockey players allowed to play on the field during play and substitutions are made when necessary.


Created to attract more players and to allow the development of fundamental abilities, Hockey5s is a shorter version of the classic field hockey. Hockey5s is a straightforward game plan that are able to be adjusted to suit the needs of many teams and athletes around the world.

It can be played at all levels at any point and can be played by players of all players of all ages and abilities. While the FIH has provided a basic framework for rules, there are some elements that may require modification to meet the needs of players.

The rules stipulate that teams of Hockey5s can be able to have five players playing at the same time, which includes the goalie. Teams can also be able to have at least four replacements in the sidelines.

But, these numbers may be modified if it is an ideal sense in the particular game that is being played and both sides agree. For instance, if there is a lower playing surface is it beneficial to play with fewer players in the field or have no goalkeepers.


Beach hockey is a sport that can be played anyplace there’s the beach and players willing to play. Similar to other variations of field hockey these rules are guidelines and can be modified as needed for play that is recreational. There are however specific rules to be adhered to for international and national tournaments.

Teams can have up to eight players. Five players are allowed in the field during play and three substitutes. If teams request it, they can be permitted to play with up to 10 players. This rule applies to events, but could be altered in other situations to meet teams’ requirements.


There are different playing levels that have their own regulations for tie-games. Most of the time the draw rule is enforced when the game is tied to time end of the regular playing time. Other options include overtime games and penalty shootouts.

The level of the league or tournament rules determines the overtime rules, if there are any will look like. For American students overtime is comprised of 10-minute intervals that are played by seven players from both sides. Shootout rules may differ, by either ending the game with the first goal to giving each player shots at the goal.


The basic rules of outdoor field hockey serve as the basis for different forms of the sport. The amount of players for each team is typically 11 on the field at the same time, but it could differ depending on the style of play.

Furthermore, although the total number of players is generally consistent but the players at various positions can change based on players’ abilities and the coaches’ plans. The game is continuously being developed that could result in modifications to the rules in the future.

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