Anna Hazare (Indian social worker) is the leader of the movement for rural development. He also made government work transparent so that the public can see it. He went on several hunger strikes to support and organize the movement at the grassroots level. He followed Gandhi’s nonviolent policies. He helped create and develop Ralegan Siddhi (a village in Ahmed Nagar) to serve as an example for others. The Government of India gave Anna Hazare the Padma Vibhushan award in 2012. Here is his biography.
Anna Hazare’s biography
Kisanbaburao Hazare was born in 15th june 1937 in maharashtra district bhingar, and he born in a Marathi farmer family. Anna Hazare has never married, and he lives in a small area of the Sant Yadavbaba temple in Ralegan Siddhi. He provided details of his property and said that he had Rs. 67,183 in bank accounts. Also, he claimed that his ancestral land in Ralegan Siddhi was 0.07 hectares. This is what his brothers are using. He also donated two acres of land to the village.
Anna Hazare family
Anna Hazare’s family included six siblings. Anna is the eldest of them all. Baburao Hazare, Anna’s father, was, used to be a laborer for an Ayurveda-ashram pharmacy. His mother was Lakshmibai Hazare. Anna Hazare had four brothers and two sisters.
Anna Hazare Education
Because of his poverty, his siblings couldn’t attend school to learn because they were too poor. His family managed to survive during the economic hardship by starting to farm a small piece of land in their home village Ralegan Siddhi. One of his relatives took over his education and helped him get to Mumbai. He soon regretted his financial situation. Anna’s studies were halted at 7th standard. Anna later started selling flowers at Mumbai’s Dadar railway Station and eventually managed to open two flower shops. He joined a vigilante to stop landlords intimidating the poor and to avoid any duping.
Anna Hazare – Career
The following are his descriptions of Anna’s career, and the social work that he did:
Anna Hazare was an army truck driver when he started his career in 1960. Later, he became a soldier. Anna Hazare’s 15-year Army career (1960-1975), saw him posted at the Khemkaran border during the Indo-Pakistani War, 1965 in Punjab, Nagaland 1971, Mumbai in 1974, and Jammu 1975. Hazare narrowly escaped an accident on the road while driving during Indo-Pak war. This was described by Hazare as a miracle and a sign that he wanted to be a public servant for rest of his life.
Contribution towards the development of Ralegan Siddhi
Anna retired from the army and returned to Ralegan Siddhi. He found that there was a lot of poverty and scarcity in his area. The environment was also very poor. The village’s economy was reliant on illegal liquor production and distribution, which left it without opportunities for education or employment. Anna appealed to for the greatest shramdan and the youth created Tarun Mandal, a social service organization. The youth group formed a ban on the sale of cigarettes and tobacco in Ralegan. They followed the rules, and all items are no longer sold in Ralegan. Their work in Ralegan village was also as follows:
Hazare founded a grain bank within the temple in 1980 in order to provide food security for farmers in the event that crops fail or become dry. It was possible to deal with the current food crisis.
Watershed Development Programme
Ralegan can be found in the foothills. Anna created the watershed embankment to block the water. After convincing the villagers, Anna also improved irrigation. These crops were banned from agriculture. However, the cultivation of pulses, oilseeds, and other crops which needed less water was encouraged. Farmers enjoyed a lot of benefits, and their income rose. Anna first arrived at Ralegan in 1976. Before then, irrigation work was performed on just 70 acres. But, today, the work is spread to 2500 acres.
Ralegan had a school for primary-aged children. The nearby towns of Shirur, and parner were both home to boys. But the girls’ education was restricted to primary school. Anna established a preschool and high school to increase the level of education in 1979.
Anna’s moral leadership inspired Ralegan’s villagers to work together to remove caste discrimination. The upper caste villages helped Dalit communities pay off their debts and provided labor in the construction.
Gandhian Thoughts in Rural Development Gram Sabha was established in 1998 and is an important democratic institution for village collective decision-making. Anna campaigned against amendments to the Gram Sabha in 1998 and 2006. Due to pressure, the state government had no choice but to accept the Gram Sabha’s approval for any development projects in the village.
Anna Hazare: Other Social Work
Anna’s social work is characterized by activism:
Maharashtra anti-corruption march
Hazare initiated a widespread movement against corruption in 1991. He protested simultaneously against the collusion between 40 forest officials and timber trader in 1991. This resulted in their transfer and suspension. Gholap, who was facing corruption charges, filed a defamation lawsuit against Anna on November 4, 1997. He was arrested on April 1998. He was placed in Yerwada, Mumbai’s Metropolitan Court of Mumbai jail for three years without any defense evidence. Later, because of public protest, the government had the authority to release him. Gholap, who was then in the cabinet, resigned in 1999. Hazare, who opposed corruption in the acquisition of powerhouses, resigned from the cabinet in 1999. Anna made accusations against four NCP ministers working for the Congress/NCP government in 2003. After Anna’s allegations were made, then Chief Minister Sushilkumar Shinde created a subcommission headed Justice P B Sawant. This investigation found Surdeda Jain, Nawab Malik, and Padma Singh Patil guilty. Jain, Malik, and Malik resigned. Anna always stood up against corruption.
Right to Information Movement
Anna led a movement in Maharashtra that saw the adoption of a modified Right to Information Act. The Right to Information Act that was enacted in 2005 by the Central Government received the approval of the President of India. Anna fasted against the amendment to this act. The government was forced to accept it.
Lokpal Bill Movement
Hazare participated, in 2011, in Satyagraha to promote the Indian Parliament’s passing of the anti-corruption Lokpal Bill. Jan Lokpal Bill was co-drafted by N Santosh Hegde, Karnataka Lokayukta Prashant Bhushan as well as Arvind Kejriwal (a social activist). Anna initiated an indefinite hunger strikes at Delhi’s Jantar Mantar, requesting that the government release this bill. Manmohan, the then Prime Minister, refused to grant Anna’s request.
Many people supported this movement including Megha Pekar, Arvind Kejriwal and Kiran Bedi. Jayaprakash Natrayan, Jayaprakash Dev, KapilDev, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. Swami Ramdev also received support from the media. This movement reached Bangalore, Mumbai and Chennai as well as Guwahati and Shillong. On April 9, he issued a notification that said that Pranab Mukherjee (Union Finance Minister), P Chidambaram (Union Home Minister), M Veerappa Moily (Union Law Minister) and Kapil Sibal (Justice). All five candidates and the five civil society members (i.e., Salman Khurshid and Union Minister Human Resource and Development) will be included in the Union Ministry of Human Resource and Development and as Union Ministers of Water Resources and Minority Affairs. The non-political names were Anna Hazare. N Santosh Hegde. Senior Advocate Shanti Bhushan. Arvind Kejriwal.
Anna ended his 98-hour hunger strike on April 9th. After this, the deadline of 15 Aug 2011 was set to pass the bill. Anna threatened to demand a nationwide movement for passage of the bill if it is not. He called his organization the second struggle against independence and discussed the possibility of continuing the fight. He threatened to agitate for another time.
The Union Cabinet approved on 28 Juillet 2011 the draft Lokpal Bill. This bill kept the Prime Minister, the judiciary, and the lower bureaucracy outside the purviews of the Lokpal. Anna, who was opposed to the Lokpal Bill, decided to observe an indefinite fast from Jantar Mantar on 16 Aug 2011. Declaring that the government is not trustworthy. If this government truly cares about fighting corrupt practices, then why not bring the Prime Minister, government employees, and CBI officials under the Lokpal. Anna was already being held by Delhi Police for preventing him from fasting.
Following this, reports claimed that protests were organized by his supporters throughout the country. Delhi Police then followed up.
Anna protested in Delhi for two days against the Land Acquisition Rehabilitation Act 2013 ordinance, Jantar Mantar.
Electoral Reform Movement
Anna Hazare demanded that the Indian election be conducted using NOTA. The Chief Election Commissioner of India Shahabuddin Yakub Qureshi was supportive of Anna Hazare’s demand to have the option.
Anna also participated in many social movements that sought to eradicate corruption within the society. These efforts led him to some success.
Anna Hazare Books and Films
Anna Hazare was also a writer of many books. Also Adarsh Village Programme: Government Participation to a People’s Programm: Adarsh Village Project. Maharashtra Government. A film has been made that is based upon the life of Anna Hazare. The film is called Main Anna Banana Chahta Hoon. Arun Nalade played the part of Anna Hazare. This film is based in Marathi on Anna Hazare’s work. Shashank Urpurkar, writer and director of Hindi cinema, created a film in Hindi about Anna Hazare’s story.
Anna Hazare award
Anna Hazare is also a recipient of many international honors and national awards.
An award for the best year
|1986||Anna received the Indira Priyadarshini Krikshamitra Awards from the Government of India.|
|1989||Government of Maharashtra awarded 1989 Krishi Bhushan Prize|
|1990||Ascertained the Padma Shri Award from the Government of India|
|1998||CARE International Award by CARE Relief Agency|
|1999||Government of India presents 1999 Social Contributor Awards|
|2003||International Transparency Award|
|2005||Gandhigram Rural University|
|2008||Jeet Gill Memorial Award, World Bank|
|2011||Arvind Kejriwal and NDTV Indian of the Month Award.|
|2013||Allard Prize for International Integrity Award – Law Faculty of University of British Columbia|
Anna Hazare Controversy
Anna Hazare has been faced with many controversies.
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is his association
Digvijay Sing (a senior leader of Indian National Congress) had accused Anna that he was an agent of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. According to him, the RSS planned the entire anti-corruption movement campaign in India in 2011. The plan K was Baba Ramdev’s plan, and B was Anna Hazare’s. Their original intention was to compromise national security. Singh also accused Anna that she had links with Ninaji Deshmukh of the RSS. India’s Open magazine, on the other hand, also accused Anna of acting as a proxy to political parties in its magazine editorial. Anna, however, has denied being associated with any such organization.
Thoughts on Narendra Modi and Nitish Kumar
Anna spoke out in praise of Narendra Modi, Gujarat Chief Minister, and Nitish Kumar, Bihar Chief Secretary. Anna changed his mind when he visited Gujarat in may and began to criticize Modi’s corruption. He encouraged Modi to appoint Lokayukta. He also claimed that the media had given Vibrant, a commercial Gujarat, a wrong image. After that, he declared Modi not a suitable candidate for the post of Prime Minister.
Charges of corruption
Justice P.B. Sawant’s government set up an inquiry committee under which the “Hind Swaraj Trust” headed by Anna Hazare and several ministers were also accused of corruption. The inquiry report of the commission was submitted on February 22, 2005. In it, the trust was accused of corruptly taking money to celebrate Anna’s birthday.
Allegations of being anti Dalit and anti Democracy
Ramachandra Guha published an article in Kolkata Telegraph claiming that Mukul Sharma, an environment journalist, had claimed Anna forced Ralegan Siddhi’s Dalit families into vegetarianism. It was also found that no village panchayat elections were held over the last 20 years, and that no election campaign occurred during the state- and national elections under Hazare’s direction.
Allegation of being anti-Muslim
Arundhati Ray, a writer-actor, accused Anna Hazare in a newspaper article of being nonsecular. Hazare also was accused of working with Jama Masjid’s Muslim Bukhari against Muslims.
Hazare plots to assassinate his life
Anna had exposed corruption within the cooperative factory of Maharashtra. In which large leaders were also involved, as well as Dr. Padma Singh Bajirao Patil who is a Member of Parliament. Anna was then given a betelnut by him in an attempt to kill her. However, the murderer was later caught and he revealed the names. Anna lodged an FIR against Patil. However, the court has yet to decide. Anna was granted Z plus security.
Anna has been subject to a number of counter-accusations. He has been involved in the circle controversies since childhood. While denying the allegations, he has never denied that they are baseless.
Anna Hazare Quotes
- It is considered public money because government money is money.
- Lakhs of people died for the freedom of the country. But some people don’t respect the dignity of these sacrifices. We haven’t been able to get the right freedom because of selfish people.
- The government has no desire to establish a Lokpal.
- My demand for the Lokpal Bill will not change.
- Those who live solely for their own selfishness and only think about themselves are dead for the community.
- The loot that was present before independence is still there.
- I appeal for the people of my nation to continue this revolution against corrupt practices, regardless of whether or not I live there. I will fight injustice wherever I go.